Friday, October 1, 2010

The National Day of the People's Republic of China (simplified Chinese: 国庆节; traditional Chinese: 國慶節; pinyin: guóqìng jié) is celebrated every year on October 1. It is a public holiday in the People's Republic of China to celebrate its national day.

The PRC was founded on October 1, 1949 with a ceremony at Tiananmen Square. The Central People's Government passed the Resolution on the National Day of the People's Republic of China on December 2, 1949 and declared that October 1 is the National Day.

The National Day marks the start of one of the two Golden Weeks in the PRC. However, there have been some recent controversies over whether Golden Weeks should be kept.

The National Day is celebrated throughout mainland China, Hong Kong, and Macau with a variety of government-organised festivities, including fireworks and concerts. Public places, such as Tiananmen Square in Beijing, are decorated in a festive theme. Portraits of revered leaders, such as Mao Zedong, are publicly displayed.

The University of Southern California U.S.-China Institute published a review of national day celebrations between 1949 and 1999 and discussed preparations for the 2009 extravaganza.US-China Today summarized press coverage and included images of the 2009 celebration.

Double Ten Day

Double Ten Day (traditional Chinese: ; simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: Shuāng Shí Jié) is the national day of the Republic of China (Taiwan) and celebrates the start of the Wuchang Uprising of October 10, 1911, which led to the collapse of the Qing Dynasty in China and establishment of the Republic of China on January 1, 1912. It is therefore also known as National Celebration Day (traditional Chinese: ; simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: Guóqìng Rì). As a result of the end of World War II in 1945 and end of the Chinese Civil War in 1949, the Republic of China government gained control of Taiwan but lost control of mainland China. The Republic of China government relocated its capital to Taipei, Taiwan, while the Chinese Communist Party established the People's Republic of China on mainland China.

In Taiwan, the official celebration starts with the raising of the flag of the Republic of China in front of the Presidential Building, followed by public singing of the National Anthem of the Republic of China. It is then followed by celebrations in front of the Presidential Building, including a military parade (the military parade was not held after 1991, except 2007, to ease cross strait tensions). Later in the day, the President of the Republic of China addresses the country and fireworks displays are held throughout the major cities of the island.

During the Double Ten Day of 2009, all government sponsored festivities were canceled, and the money intended for the festivals (NT$ 70 million) were relocated for reconstruction of the damage done by Typhoon Morakot.

Outside of Taiwan, Double Ten Day is also celebrated by many Overseas Chinese communities. Sizable Double Ten Day parades occur yearly in the Chinatowns of San Francisco and Chicago.

On mainland China, it is celebrated as the anniversary of the Xinhai Revolution and the Wuchang Uprising.

Before the sovereignty of Hong Kong was transferred to the PRC in 1997, many ROC supporters there would display patriotic and colorful flags (mainly the national flag of ROC) to celebrate Double Ten Day. The day continues to be celebrated in Hong Kong after the transfer of sovereignty to the mainland